Archive for Carbon Market

Combining Bio-Based Carbon Capture with Technological Carbon Sequestration

By Dominic Pietro

Forests have limited use for carbon sequestration. Most of their carbon storage occurs in the wood itself, so a mature forest has a very slow rate of carbon sequestration; most happens while the trees are still growing. Most technological solutions CO2 removal and sequestration are still a long way from being fully developed and are expensive. At least one man has developed a method to turn CO2 into graphite, a highly stable form of carbon. The possibility of combining this new process with afforestation could lead to slow, but cheap and long-term or permanent carbon storage.

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Can the carbon market curb grassland loss in the Northern Great Plains?

By Kristen Johnson

In recent years dramatic amounts of grassland have been converted to cropland in the Northern Great Plains, specifically in North and South Dakota. This article estimates the large CO2 emissions generated from this conversion, making this issue relevant to not just habitat protection but also climate change mitigation. The article considers whether the current carbon market provides landowners with ample financial incentives to conserve grassland compared to potential profits from crop production. A simple economic comparison reveals that carbon credit payments at current rates are not likely, if used in isolation, to result in large-scale conservation of North and South Dakota grassland.

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Carbon Market, Biofuels and Tropical Deforestation

By Geoff Michael

Massive carbon emissions and loss of biodiversity from tropical deforestation is continuing at a formidable rate. However, these activities are excluded from the Clean Development Mechanism in the first commitment period. Proposed changes would allow Certified Emissions Credits for avoided deforestation. A sufficient carbon market and changes in the CDM could finance tropical AD projects by providing an incentive to retain forest instead of conversion to pasture. Farmers in the U.S. have an incentive to switch to bio-fuels as the carbon market price rises. If this switch reduces food production the increased market prices may drive increased tropical deforestation.

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